Nutrients & Additives: The #4 Factor In Maximum Yield
It can be very helpful to utilize the triangle of photosynthesis to understand lights on metabolism. Light energy in the presence of CO2 and water and nutrient is processed into sugars and starches. This is lights on metabolism. If you don’t have enough CO2 in your garden, the light that you are paying to generate will literally bounce off the leaves. If we don’t have enough water and nutrient to support the process of photosynthesis, the plants cannot process Co2. Whenever we are assessing situations in the garden we have to keep the triangle of photosynthesis in mind.
Upon first inspection, this topic is going to appear overwhelming. There are so many different nutrient companies offering different nutrient lines. But, just as when you walk into the supermarket and there’s five different brands of bread, keep in mind that a lot of these products are different brands of the same thing. So what I want to communicate to you is the principles of the matter. You need what we call “a main food” or a “basefood”. The main food is going to comprise all of the necessary macro and micro nutrients. Main foods, whatever the form, are all going to be mostly complete. It can even be as simple as a one part organic product that you use from start to finish with no additives to produce clean medicine. The number one nutrient requirement you need to address is the main food.
In addition to the main food many gardeners routinely use some supplements. Standard supplements include B-vitamin formulas which are known to reduce stress, calcium/magnesium additives (typically not enough of these important nutrients can be included in a main food), root stimulators and bloom enhancers. There are a few other products that you might chose to use like microorganisms which can colonize your root zone, stimulate root growth and facilitate nutrient uptake. Organic gardeners may also consider the use of humic and fulvic acids needed to break down organic sources of NPK into the chemicals available for nutrient uptake.
Let us take an in depth look at the flowering process. Other than our main food, calcium and magnesium is one of the most important flowering additives that we can consider. Calcium and magnesium assist in the hardening of fruit and flowers and calcium facilitates nitrogen uptake. From there, we have the additives that actually blow up flower size. These additives typically increase the amount of P and K that is in the nutrient solution and provide some additional natural stimulants to the flowering process. Flowering additives usually do increase yields substantially.
One of the other supplements that you may benefit from in the flowering process is a carbohydrate additive in a liquid or powder form. These additives give the plants energy without making them work for it. Other considerations may be root disease controls and an additive which is going to increase the essential oil production of your particular plant.
Those are your needs. Talk to your local hydroponic retail professional and find out how you can gain access to these yield enhancing products. It’s hard to remember everything all at once. So keep in mind that good nutrient manufacturers put together what we call feed charts, with weekly schedules to help you focus on exactly how to mix your nutrient solution so that you get the best use of the products you’ve purchased. Once you get into this process you are going to find it’s like following a recipe and you will probably really enjoy feeding your plants and mixing nutrient solutions. Just remember to keep an eye on your parts per million and your PH so that your plants can really make use of these excellent nutrient solutions that you’re going to apply.